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RPM,YUM - bleskove zaklady Jiri Kubina Ver. 1.0 unor PDF


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RPM,YUM - bleskove zaklady Jiri Kubina Ver. 1.0 unor 2006 Obsah 1.RPM 2.YUM 3.Pouzite zdroje a nastroje Upozorneni: Vetsina popisovanych ukazek je zjednodusena, nebo zkracena z vyukovych duvodu. Pro ziskani
RPM,YUM - bleskove zaklady Jiri Kubina Ver. 1.0 unor 2006 Obsah 1.RPM 2.YUM 3.Pouzite zdroje a nastroje Upozorneni: Vetsina popisovanych ukazek je zjednodusena, nebo zkracena z vyukovych duvodu. Pro ziskani kompletnich informaci pouzijte man. 1.RPM Neumi vyresit zavislosti mezi balicky. Je nutne instalovat balicky v presnem poradi. Instalace balicku rpm -i iftop el4.rf.i386.rpm Odstraneni balicku rpm -e iftop Pokud nastanou problemy se zavislostmi a rpm tvrdi neco jineho nez je pravda, lze provest rebuild rpm databaze. rpm --rebuilddb Import GPG klice pro kontrolu integrity balicku. rpm --import umisteni_klice Napriklad import GPG klice pro repozitar DAG provedeme timto prikazem: rpm --import KEY.dag.txt Dotazy na balicek /]# rpm -q iftop iftop el4.rf /]# rpm -qi iftop Name : iftop Relocations: (not relocatable) Version : 0.16 Vendor: Dag Apt Repository, Release : 0.2.el4.rf Build Date: Thu 17 Feb :59:26 PM CET Install Date: Thu 02 Feb :03:51 AM CET Build Host: lisse.leuven.wieers.com Group : Applications/System Source RPM: iftop el4.rf.src.rpm Size : License: GPL Signature : DSA/SHA1, Thu 17 Feb :10:05 PM CET, Key ID a20e52146b8d79e6 Packager : Dag Wieers URL : Summary : Display bandwidth usage on an interface Description : iftop does for network usage what top(1) does for CPU usage. It listens to network traffic on a named interface and displays a table of current bandwidth usage by pairs of hosts. Handy for answering the question why is our ADSL link so slow? . /]# rpm -ql iftop /usr/sbin/iftop /usr/share/man/man8/iftop.8.gz /]# rpm -qf /usr/sbin/iftop iftop el4.rf /]# rpm -qa grep if libtiff libexif diffstat libungif el4.2 iftop el4.rf startup-notification diffutils 2.YUM Umi vyresit zavislosti mezi balicky. Balicky vyhledava v prednastavenych repozitarich. Tzn. kolik repozitaru mu zadame, tolik jich bude prohledavat. V nasem pripade je konfiguracni soubor umisten zde: /etc/yum.repos.d/centos-base.repo Pridame si do nej slusne zasobeny repozitar, ktery nam usetri spoustu práce. Na konec souboru doplnime tyto radky /repo DAG/: [dag] name=dag RPM Repository for Red Hat Enterprise Linux and CentOS baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el$releasever/en/$basearch/dag gpgcheck=1 enabled=1 Instalace balicku Pokud nevime jak se balicek presne jmenuje hledame. /]# yum list grep wifi python-wifi.noarch el4.rf dag wifidog.i el4.rf dag wifidog-devel.i el4.rf dag wifiscanner.i el4.rf dag Pro vyhledani stejneho balicku v ruznych repozitarich. /]# yum search ebtables Pokud zname jmeno balicku pak instalujeme. /]# yum install wifidog Setting up Install Process Setting up repositories dag 100% ========================= 1.1 kb 00:00 update 100% ========================= 951 B 00:00 base 100% ========================= 1.1 kb 00:00 addons 100% ========================= 951 B 00:00 extras 100% ========================= 1.1 kb 00:00 Reading repository metadata in from local files Parsing package install arguments Resolving Dependencies -- Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait. --- Downloading header for wifidog to pack into transaction set. wifidog el4.rf. 100% ========================= 17 kb 00:00 --- Package wifidog.i386 0: el4.rf set to be updated -- Running transaction check Dependencies Resolved ============================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ============================================================================= Installing: wifidog i el4.rf dag 220 k Transaction Summary ============================================================================= Install 1 Package(s) Update 0 Package(s) Remove 0 Package(s) Total download size: 220 k Is this ok [y/n]: y Downloading Packages: (1/1): wifidog % ========================= 220 kb 00:00 Running Transaction Test Finished Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing: wifidog ######################### [1/1] Installed: wifidog.i386 0: el4.rf Complete! Update systemu A pomoci nastroje YUM se nam pomerne snadno udrzuje system aktualni. Pokud se chceme nejdrive podivat co vsechno se bude aktualizovat. yum check-update Nasledne pro samotnou aktualizaci. yum update 9.Pouzite zdroje a nastroje Zdroje man rpm man yum Nastroje rpm yum Dekuji za pozornost
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