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Your healthy weaning guide

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Your healthy weaning guide easy-to-prepare and nutritious recipes, including tips and tricks to wean your baby. Created with the help of nutritionist Dr. Emma Williams. Contents Quick and easy nutritious
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Your healthy weaning guide easy-to-prepare and nutritious recipes, including tips and tricks to wean your baby. Created with the help of nutritionist Dr. Emma Williams. Contents Quick and easy nutritious recipes for your baby Stage : First tastes Precious purée of potato and broccoli Saucy apples Bananas about avocado Sunshine squash Stage : Soft chews Veggie heaven 0 Meaty mates Salmon, zucchini & sweet potato went for a swim Easy peasy purée A tale of plums and peaches The sweet side of chicken and apple Stage : Chunkier chews Chickpeas all noodled up 0 Cod and Potato party My first muesli Stage : From one year on The sweet side of pepper Happy broccoli ever after 0 Sunny asparagus Quick and easy nutritious recipes for your baby When it comes to introducing your baby to solid foods for the first time it s perfectly normal to feel confused. The huge amount of information available alone can be overwhelming, particularly if you re a first time parent. Babies will sometimes spit out the food prepared for them being unable to say what they do or don t want to eat. This can be quite challenging for parents when weaning their baby. But don t panic, work alongside your baby s requirements, and provide them with a variety of nutritious meals that will help them to grow up to be healthy and happy. We developed this booklet together with Nutritionist Dr. Emma Williams. It provides professional advice on weaning and on how to prepare nutritious meals effortlessly for your baby, so you can get more pleasure out of family meal times together. Expert advice Dr. Emma Williams is a Registered Nutritionist with a PhD in Human Nutrition. Emma has expertise in childhood growth and nutrition. As a clinical researcher in the pediatric department of a children s hospital, she examined the growth and dietary intake of very young children (0- years) with growth problems and provided dietary advice to their parents. During time spent working as a Nutrition Scientist at the British Nutrition Foundation, she provided expert nutritional advice on weaning, analyzed and checked the nutritional content of weaning recipes, and developed meal plans for very young children. She s also a member of the Nutrition Society and the UK Nutritionists in Industry group and a regular advisor to the media on the subject of nutrition. After over years of work in the field of human nutrition, Emma recently set up her own nutrition consultancy business. Our aim We hope this recipe booklet will help you when starting your baby on solid food. It includes some useful information and professional advice about the different stages of weaning, along with meal planner examples and appropriate recipes for the different stages of weaning. Each recipe has been developed using Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker to help you to provide nutritious food for your growing baby. The Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker gently steams fruit, vegetables, meat and fish. It can also blend your cooked ingredients to the consistency that most suits your baby s age and has a handy defrost and reheat function. All aimed at helping you to make healthy, wholesome meals quite easily for your baby. Starting to wean your baby Seeing your newborn baby grow and develop into a happy and healthy child is a really amazing and rewarding experience. What happens in a baby s first year of life may potentially influence his or her future health and providing healthy, nutritious food is an essential part of this process. Breast milk is the best first food a baby can have, because it contains all of the natural nutritional content your baby needs, along with important antibodies for added protection against infection, directly from mother to baby. It s recommended to breastfeed up to the age of months and if possible to continue to do so together with a healthy, balanced diet for up to years or longer if preferred. When it s not possible to breastfeed, infant formula is the next best substitute for breast milk. In terms of their ability to grow, a baby should gain between 0.kg (.lbs) and kg (. lbs) in weight per month from 0- months, after which time, solid foods are required to promote further growth and development. Because babies are individuals and grow at different paces, it s really important not to rush them into weaning before they re ready. The earliest time to consider starting to wean a baby is months or weeks. But it usually takes around months for a baby s digestive system to work properly and be ready to digest food*. There are key signs that show when a baby seems to be ready to try solid food. These usually take place around - months and include: being able to sit up and hold their head steady; good hand, eye and mouth coordination (they can look at food, pick it up and put it in their mouth); the ability to swallow the food on offer, rather than push it all out. So look for all of these signs before weaning your baby. They may also become less satisfied with their milk feeds and start to show an interest in the foods that other people consume. All of these changes mark an important step in your baby s development. They re now ready to explore new tastes and textures in their diet. When first starting to wean your baby it s not so important how much they consume, it s more about getting them used to eating food in general. Babies won t need meals a day initially. You can simply start by offering them a little at a time until they get used to the taste, texture and feel of food in their mouth. Then you gradually increase the amount and variety of food your baby eats until they can eventually eat the same foods as the rest of the family, in smaller portions. Babies learn to like the foods they get used to. If you give them very salty, sweet or fatty foods and drinks they will be more likely to want them when they get older and you really don t want to create a fussy eater! Providing your baby with a range of healthy and nutritious foods to eat from the beginning is absolutely essential, as it will make sure they keep eating such kinds of food as they grow older. It s really hard to change what children eat when they get older so it s important to instil good food habits right from the very start. You are advised to do this from weaning onwards and to prepare foods from scratch using fresh ingredients. This way, you know exactly what your baby is eating. You should also try to preserve the nutritional composition of the foods you wish to prepare as much as possible, so that you get the maximum nutrition out of the ingredients you re using. Buying fresh ingredients and storing them appropriately by following storage instructions provided will help to maintain the nutritional content. This will also make sure that foods such as raw meat or fish are safe to eat. And making sure that food is prepared on clean surfaces using clean utensils will also protect your baby from harmful bacteria. Providing your baby with a range of healthy and nutritious foods to eat from the beginning is absolutely essential, as it will make sure they keep eating such kinds of food as they grow older. Steaming is a very healthy way to prepare food as it helps to keep the nutrients locked in. Using the Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker will help to retain the nutritional content of the initial ingredients in the final prepared meal for your baby. This is because the juices released from the steamer during cooking (steaming phase) are retained for mixing back into the food during blending (blending phase). Although this recipe booklet gives you some information related to weaning, there s also plenty of reliable information available to help you to decide if your baby is ready for weaning. For example, from your local baby clinic, doctor s office or online, as well as information to help you progress from one stage to the next, perhaps even other recipe ideas that you can use with your Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker. I really hope you enjoy this wonderful and exciting time in your child s growth and development, as they learn to experience new tastes and textures and get healthy eating habits that will enable them to grow into healthy, happy adults! Dr. Emma Williams, Nutrition Consultant These recipes have been carefully selected by a nutrition expert. If you are in any doubt as to the suitability of any of the recipes in this booklet for your baby, particularly if an allergy to certain foods is suspected or known, please consult your doctor or child health care consultant as appropriate. * Consult your local doctor or child care health consultant if you feel you need further advice on when might be the best time to wean your baby. Health and safety recommendations Babies are particularly vulnerable to the bacteria that can cause food poisoning so it s essential to follow simple health and safety guidelines when preparing and storing their food. Food preparation: Always make sure food is stored safely and stick to use-by dates. Prepare food in a clean kitchen using clean chopping boards and utensils. Wash your hands thoroughly before preparing food and your baby s hands before feeding. Make sure all bowls and spoons used for feeding are thoroughly cleaned prior to use. Philips Avent has a suitable range of sterilizers that are quick, easy and effective to use. Store cooked and raw meats separate from each other and from other foods in the fridge and keep them covered. Always wash your hands after touching raw meat. Sterile vacuum packed raw meat or fish shouldn t need washing prior to use, as this can spread harmful germs onto kitchen work surfaces and could lead to food poisoning. Use your own judgment if you re not sure that it s been previously washed (i.e. not vacuum packed/ foods bought in fresh food markets). Always wash fruit and vegetables and peel if necessary all root vegetables should be peeled and washed before use. Never add salt to foods intended for babies. You can add herbs and mild spices instead to make the foods tastier. If you must use stock in a recipe, use low or no salt stock. Avoid adding sugar to food unless required for taste (for example to sweeten tart fruit). Make sure food is cooked thoroughly and cool until it s lukewarm before serving. Food storage: Once prepared, cool the food as quickly as possible (within - hours) and place in fridge (at a temperature of C ( F) or below) or freezer (at a temperature of - C (0 F)). Most freshly prepared foods can be stored in the refrigerator for up to hours. Check your freezer guidelines to see how long you can store baby food safely usually - months. Batches of food can be prepared and stored in the freezer using the pot provided with your Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker you can purchase additional containers from the Philips range, they are also sterile, compact and suitable for stacking. You can write the name of the food and preparation date on a label and attach to the lid. Alternatively, use ice-cube trays, small freezer proof containers or freezer bags. If required, make sure the food is wrapped securely in cling film or kitchen foil. Frozen food should be defrosted thoroughly before heating. The Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker has defrost and reheat functions to meet all of your needs. Make sure reheated food is piping hot all the way through (steam should be rising from it) and allow it to cool sufficiently before serving. The Philips Avent warmer can also be used to heat your baby s food evenly and safely. If you re reheating food using a microwave, always stir the food and check its temperature before feeding your baby. Don t reheat food more than once. Never refreeze food after it s been thawed and never save and re-use foods that your child hasn t finished eating. Foods to avoid and food allergy: Certain foods are unsuitable for children under the age of months, including liver, raw shellfish, shark, swordfish and marlin, soft unpasteurized cheeses and honey. Make sure eggs or dishes containing egg are well cooked. If there s a history of food allergy within the family, exclusive breastfeeding up to the age of months is recommended. Where breastfeeding is not possible, for whatever reason, consult a medical practitioner for advice on the best type of formula to provide instead. Because the introduction of first foods can cause allergies, breastfeeding should be continued throughout weaning and care should be taken when introducing potentially allergenic foods such as milk, eggs, wheat, fish and shellfish offering them one at a time. If there s a history of peanut allergy in the family seek advice from a qualified medical practitioner. Because of the risk of choking, whole nuts, including peanuts, should not be given to children under years. Immediate signs of allergy (usually occurring within seconds or up to two hours) can include lip swelling, itchiness and hives, a red flushing of the face or body, a rash, worsening symptoms of eczema or difficulty breathing. If you think your baby is having an allergic reaction to food seek urgent medical advice in rare cases a severe reaction (anaphylaxis) can be life-threatening. Delayed reactions to food (usually associated with cow s milk allergy) can include nausea vomiting or reflux, diarrhea, constipation, blood in stools, a red bottom, and progressively worse eczema. In the longer term there may also be problems gaining weight. Because some of these symptoms (e.g. rashes and diarrhea) are also indicative of other illnesses, consult your healthcare practitioner for further advice. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare practitioner if you suspect your child may have a potential food allergy they should be your first port of call! Further guidance and information The quantity indicated in the recipes* should provide you with enough food to feed your baby, as well as some leftovers to portion up and store or freeze for later use. You can adapt the amount required to suit your needs, making sure to adjust the length of steaming required to the amount of ingredients used. Check Ingredients and steaming time in the user manual for approximate steam times for specific ingredients. Final consistency of each recipe will depend on the type of ingredients used including the amount used and stage of weaning (i.e. smooth vs. lumpier consistency). Consistency may be altered via the addition of baby s usual milk or boiled water to the final recipe. For example, water may be used to thin down or baby rice may be added to thicken. Draining some of the water in the steamer before blending will also result in a thicker consistency. Recipe quantities are indicative these may vary depending on the nature of the ingredients used and cooking times. The number of portion sizes provided by each recipe is only a guide. Because every baby has different needs, the portion sizes may not reflect the amount required by your baby s appetite or needed to meet his or her growth requirements, meaning that the final portion size consumed may be different from the one indicated. The meal planners provided are simple examples of balanced meal plans for your baby according to each stage of weaning. As with the portions sizes, these may be used as a guide depending on you and your baby s personal preferences. Given the global nature of this product, some of the suggested meals within the meal plans are designed with different world food regions in mind, so feel free to choose meals more suited to your own cultural needs or requirements. Meal plans to have been designed to provide your baby with a taste of their first foods in increasing amounts and variety, alongside their usual milk drink as they progress through weaning. The meal plan for stage ( months+) is designed to provide your baby with contributions from all of the four main food groups. These include starchy foods (rice, potatoes, pasta); fruit and vegetables; dairy foods (full fat yogurt and cheese); and proteinbased foods (meat, fish) and alternatives such as eggs and pulses (dhal, lentils etc.). Portions are provided within the region of five, four, three and two portions per day respectively again these criteria may be used as a guide when feeding children aged - years to make sure they consume a balance of different foods in their diet. Use the photographic recipe guide as a quick visual reference when cooking with the Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker. When using the Philips Avent -in- healthy baby food maker for the first time please follow the full recipe instructions. * All recipes have been checked to make sure they contain appropriate amounts of calories, salt, sugar and fat suitable for babies and toddlers. Up until now your baby will only be used to suckling milk from the breast or drinking formula from a bottle, by pushing the tongue forward to drink. Therefore, when starting to spoon feed for the first time they will automatically do this with their tongue, meaning that any food going in will be pushed back out the mouth with the tongue. Learning to eat food involves developing a whole can also purée fruit or vegetables. Purées should be very smooth and still quite runny, using very mild (bland even) flavors at first. Start by offering your baby just a few teaspoons once a day, either during or after the usual milk feed (breast or formula). It s also a good idea to offer one food at a time so you can see how they respond to individual foods. As time progresses, you can then start offering solid Purées should be very smooth and still quite runny, using very mild (bland even) flavors at first. Stage : First tastes The first stage of weaning (around - months) is all about exploring new tastes and textures for the very first time. Because your baby will only be used to the taste and texture of milk, the trick here is to introduce new foods gradually. Although it may take a little time at first, with a little patience your baby will be eating his/her own food in no time. new set of oral motor skills. For example, your baby will need to learn to use his/her lips to pull the food off the spoon and tongue to push the food to the back of the mouth and to swallow. Before this they had only ever used their jaw and cheek muscles for sucking so it s a completely new experience. Once your baby can swallow food, along with the other two signs for weaning (sitting up, picking things up and putting them in its mouth) they re well and truly ready to embark on an exploration of food. First foods can include puréed cereals, such as baby rice, oats, millet, corn noodles or well mashed cooked rice mixed with your baby s usual milk. You foods before their usual milk and gradually increase the frequency of feeds and the amount given. You can also experiment with different consistencies by adding less milk or water (cooled boiled) to thicken it up. After this you can start to offer different types of food and gradually increase meals from two to three times a day, so that baby can begin to experience lots of new tastes. In terms of your baby s fluid requirements, continue with normal milk feeds (breast or formula). If it s a very hot day offer formula-fed babies cooled boiled water if you think they are thirsty between feeds (breast fed babies don t need any water). 9 day meal planner Meal Day Day Day Day Day Day Day Breakfast Baby rice mixed with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with apple purée with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with pear purée with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with fruit purée (mixed) with baby s usual milk Baby rice mixed with banana and baby s usual milk Noon meal Carrot purée Precious purée of potato and broccoli (p ) Avocado & pea purée Duet of carrot and sweet potato (provided in app*) Broccoli purée Sunshine squash (p ) Carrot and parsnip purée Evening meal Saucy apples (p ) Puréed or mashed
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